Geography of BulandshahrBulandshahr city is located in Uttar Pradesh, India. Bulandshahr city is governed by Municipal Corporation or Nagar Palika Parishad which comes under Bulandshahr Metropolitan Region. Bulandshahr metropolitan areas are Bahalimpura, Bhaipura, Bulandshahr, Chandpur, Hiarpur, Mau Khera, Mohankuti, and Tanda. Due to the proximity of the city to the National Capital Region, it has resulted in rapid development of Bulandshahr and in general improvement of the standard of living.
Population of Bulandshar
According to the provisional reports of Census India, 2011, the population of Bulandshahr is 222,826 of which male and female are 116,923 and 105,903 respectively. Although Bulandshahr city has population of 222,826 its urban or metropolitan population is 235,310 of which 123,549 are males and 111,761 are females.
The decennial growth rate of Bulandshahr district (1991-2001) is 22.2%, which is close to the national decennial growth rate of 21.34%. Population density of Bulandshahr is 786 people per kilometre square as compared to the Indian average of 324. The sex ratio of Bulandshahr city is 906 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 821 per 1000 boy. However, the sex ratio is much lower than the national average of 933.
Total number of literate people in Bulandshahr city is 153,135 of which 66,727 are females while 86,408 are males. Bulandshahr's average literacy rate is 78.98 % of which female and male literacy was 71.86 % and 85.53 % respectively. Literacy rate of the city’s population is 73.6 %, higher than the district average of 59.4 %.
Climate of Bulandshahr
The climate of Bulandshahr is extreme and tropical. Bulandshahr is 195 m above sea level. The climate of the area is extremely cold in winter and very hot in summer. Bulandshahr falls under sub-tropical climatic zone where during summer the temperature often rises to 45°C while during winter it lowers to 4°C. The average relative humidity ranges from 32 to 82%. The monsoon usually breaks in the last week of June causing heavy rains every year in August and July and Bulandshahr's average annual rainfall is 618.97mm. Bulandshahr has a picturesque landscape, lush forest, fertile agricultural land and alluvial soil formed from the silt carried over by the river Ganga and Yamuna. The following is a trend of climatic conditions in Bulandshahr.
Throughout the month of February, temperatures in the day reach a maximum of about 24°C whereas the temperature reaches a minimum of about 11°C at night. On an average the relative humidity on a given day in February is around 61%. The average amount of precipitation in the month has been recorded at 25 mm. Throughout the month of May, temperatures in the day reach a maximum of about 40°C whereas the temperature reaches a minimum of about 26°C at night. On an average the relative humidity on a given day in May is around 39%. The average amount of precipitation in the month has been recorded at 41 mm.
Throughout the month of August, temperatures in the day reach a maximum of about 34°C whereas the temperature reaches a minimum of about 27°C at night. On an average the relative humidity on a given day in August is around 76%. The average amount of precipitation in the month has been recorded at 201 mm. Throughout the month of November, temperatures in the day reach a maximum of about 28°C whereas the temperature reaches a minimum of about 13°C at night. On an average the relative humidity on a given day in November is around 62%. The average amount of precipitation in the month has been recorded at 4 mm.
Type of Soil in Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr city lies in the Meerut district. Meerut district is a part of the central Gangetic plain, where sands of different grades, silt and clay intercalate in different proportions to the calcareous concentrations of the soil.
Three types of soils have been found which are as follows:
- Sandy loam
- Sandy loam to loam
- Loam to clay loam.
Facts and Figures about Bulandshahr
Geographical Area: 4353 sq.km
Altitude: 195 m
Latitude: 28° N
Longitude: 77° E
Average Rainfall: 696 mm
Languages: Hindi, Urdu, and English
Religions: Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity
Best Time to visit: October to March
STD Code: 05732