About BulandshahrBulandshahr has a rustic charm and a rich cultural heritage and is nestled between the holy rivers of Ganga and Yamuna. Uttar Pradesh is divided into several districts of which Bulandshahr is one. Bulandshahr is also the name of a city in the Bulandshahr district. Bulandshahr is an ancient city and has its origin from the period of Mahabharata. Bulandshahr has been a sight for various archaeological excavations. Ancient coins and artifacts dug out from this region are now on display at the Lucknow museum. Potteries of Khurja, a town in Bulandshahr, are renowned worldwide.
Bulandshahr is near to Delhi (75 kms) and is in the national capital region. The city is close to Meerut, Ghaziabad, Aligarh and Gautama Budh Nagar (or Noida).
Bulandshahr is divided into 7 regions for administrative purposes. These regions include Anoopshahr, Bulandshahr, Dibai, Khurja, Shikarpur, Sikandrabad and Siyana. Additionally, Bulandshahr city consists of 16 development blocks. These blocks are Anoopshahr, Agauta, Arniya, B.B. Nagar, Bulandshahr, Danpur, Dibai, Gulaothi, Jahagirabad, Khurja, Lahaowati, Pahasu, Shikarpur, Sikandrabad, Siyana and Uncha Gaon.
A Brief History of Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr is an ancient city dating back to 1200 B.C. It has the closest proximity to the cities of Indraprastha and Hastinapur, which served as the capital during the reign of the Pandavas in Mahabharat. Ahar situated in the district of Bulandshahr became the prominent seat of power for the Pandavas after the fall of Hastinapur. Many years after the Pandavas, King Parma built a fort on the same location. Subsequently, a king of the Tomars built a different fort which was known by the name of Baran and the tomars recognized the new fort as the capital of Tomar kingdom. During the 12th century Baran had lost almost all of its power. Barbarian tribes of the Mughals were pillaging different regions of India, including Muhammad Ghauri who took over Baran in 1192. Since Baran was perched on a highland it came to be known as high city. Bulandshahr is a Persian word and it means “high city”.
The ancient ruins found at places Bhatora, Ghalibpur and Veerpur remind us of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. The city has ruins of medieval statues and objects of ancient temples. The Lucknow State Museum has archives of ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions, etc.
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Geography of Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr is located between 28.4° S and 28° N latitudes and between 77° E and 78°W longitudes. The district of Bulandshahr spreads about 84 km in length and 62 km in breadth and its elevation above sea level is 237.44 meters. Ganga separates Bulandshahr from Badaun and Moradabad in the east and Yamuna separates it from Delhi and Haryana in the west. Ghaziabad lies in the north of Bulandshahr and Aligarh borders south east of Bulandshahr. The geographical area of Bulandshahr is 4353 sq km which is about 1.48 % of the total Uttar Pradesh area. The urban area of Bulandshahr is 122.8 sq km and rural area is 4230.2 sq km.
Climate of Bulandshahr
The climate of Bulandshahr is extreme and tropical. The summers are extremely hot and the maximum temperature goes as high as 45°C, while the winters remain cold, with temperature dipping to 2°C. The average rainfall in Bulandshahr is 696 mm, received mostly during the monsoon season.
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Agriculture in Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr is an important grain producing agricultural district. Potato, wheat, maize and sugarcane are cultivated here in high abundance. Bulandshahr has undergone green revolution. Uttar Pradesh government has declared the Syana area as fruit belt. Mango orchards are located in the area. White revolution in the form of milk production is an important activity in the district.
Bulandshahr Industrial Area
Bulandshahr is an industrially developing district. Khurja town is a city of potteries, where there are more than five hundred potteries. Potteries of Khurja have earned reputation at national & international markets. Printing on cotton cloths is another important activity done by local artisans.
Several big industries such as Kajaria tiles, Orient ceramics, J.P Gold Paints, Jenson & Nicholson, Rajdoot paints, P.A.M Pharmacuticals etc. are located in the industrial area of Sikandrabad. Panni Nagar mill, cooperative sugar mill (Jahangirabad), Agauta sugar & chemicals factory were established in Bulandshahr. There is also a distillery in Jahangirabad sugar mill. In village Chola is located the Bibcol factory for manufacturing polio vaccines with Russian collaboration.
Tourist Places Bulandshahr
The best time to visit Bulandshahr is between November and April.
There are several ruins found throughout the district in places such as Bhatora, Veerpur, and Ghalibpur.
- Khurja, known as the pottery town
- Chola, a small village famous for the Bibcol Chola polio vaccine factory.
- The nuclear atomic power plant is located at Narora. A good picnic spot and a big park is located here.
- Vallipura is a small scenic village with the Van Chetna Kendra centre as its primary tourist destination.
- The temple of Hanuman is located on the bank of river Ganga at Rajghat.
- Anoopshahr is famous with the pilgrim’s. It is situated on the banks of river Ganges and has several festivals and religious bathing organized throughout the year.
- The temple of Goddess Belon is located at Belon.
- The renowned temple of Godess Avantika and Lord Shiva is situated on the bank of river Ganga at Ahar.
- Sikandrabad built by Sikander Lodhi has several ancient monuments. Various textile, paint, pharmaceutical, cement, steel, electronic industries are located here.
Shopping in Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr is important for handicrafts, pottery and printed fabric. Hundreds of rural families are engaged in the handloom sector and they produce colourful and heavily embroidered sarees, popular all over the country and internationally. In Bulandshahr, there are shops on every street displaying printed cotton sarees and other garments with zari work and zardozi embroidery.
Visitors can also select from a range of other souvenirs and gift items including crockery, wood carvings, handicrafts, silver and gold jewellery. The city’s main shopping centers include Chowk Bazaar, Lal Talab, Kamla Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Civil Lines and Ansari Road.
Food in Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr has a variety of cuisines to offer to all food lovers. The city is dotted with plenty of confectioneries, bakers and sweet-sellers which offer good quality sweet delight. Delicious vegetarian south Indian and fast food like pizza are easy to find and they will keep you satiated during your stay in the city. Not to forget the varied spicy ethnic food that is available throughout the city. Mouth watering chaats and filling thalis are also readily available. Street food vendors are a joy to any foodie who love sampling the spicy, tangy and fried food that go easy on the pocket and pleasurable to the palate. Local and visitors head to places such as Bharat confectionery, Swadeshi Bakers, Bhawna Mishthan Bhandar and Shree Sai Achar Bhandar.
How to Reach Bulandshahr
Bulandshahr is well connected by road and rail. Bulandshahr junction of the Indian railway system connects the city to different parts of the country especially Allahabad, Delhi, Aligarh, Dehradhun, Jaipur, Agra, Chandigarh, Bareilly and Lucknow.
National Highway 91 (NH 91) connects Bulandshahr to Delhi and Kanpur and is 405 km in length. NH 91 Route: Delhi - Ghaziabad - Dadri - Sikanderabad - Bulandshahr - Khurja - Amiya - Aligarh - Etah - Chhibramau - Kannauj - Kanpur.
National Highway 235 (NH 235) starts at Meerut connecting Gulaothi and Hapur terminating at Bulandshahar. NH 235 is a small National Highway entirely in the state of Uttar Pradesh, with a total length of 66 km.
Quick Facts About Bulandshahr
Metropolis – 4353 km2
Elevation – 237.44 m
Population as per the 2011 Census
Metropolis – 3,498,507
Rank – 85th
Density – 775 persons/sq. km. (2,040 /sq mi)
Time zone - IST
Postal Index Number – 203 0xx
STD Code - 05735
Official languages – Hindi & Urdu